Dr. Heidi Hardt is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Irvine and a recent Fulbright scholar. Her research and publications explore how and why international organizations (IOs) engage in conflict management. She examines multilateral decision-making processes, crisis management, civilian and military operations, international organization efficiency, bureaucratic dysfunction, organizational culture, organizational learning, institutional memory, gender representation and gender mainstreaming. Dr. Hardt has particular expertise in NATO, the European Union (EU), the United Nations (UN), the African Union (AU), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Organization for American States (OAS). The National Science Foundation, the Fulbright Commission and NATO Science for Peace and Security have funded her research.