Lucia Bird is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is primarily interested in external sponsorship of violent nonstate actors, as well as these actors’ attempts to violently challenge the state via proliferation of conventional and unconventional weapons. Lucia’s research during graduate school has focused on passive support to violent nonstate actors, and she specifically examines the role of transnational diaspora communities in homeland conflicts. Lucia earned a B.S. in International Affairs and Spanish in 2013 from the Georgia Institute of Technology, where she also researched violent nonstate actors’ attempts to acquire improvised weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in the Middle East. She has also interned at the U.S. State Department in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation to more clearly understand policy issues related to WMD proliferation, violent nonstate actors, and external sponsorship.